Technology is evolving rapidly, allowing the world of aquaculture to experience the benefit of everything being connected through the IoT. This starts with the use of sensors, cameras, and other data acquisition devices to monitor the various parameters mentioned in this article. The gathered information is then sent to a control center where it is processed and stored. After that, a computer uses the data to determine if any actions must be taken to optimize the aquaculture system, whether in filtration, feed weight, aeration, etc., based on historical values. Nearly every process can be controlled remotely with just a few skilled overseers. This IoT method of aquaculture can improve productivity, quality, and sustainability of the operation while reducing expenses.
There are certainly issues with implementing new technology into the process that must be addressed. While there may be long-term savings from installing and using new equipment, the initial costs are quite high, especially for smaller operations. There is also an issue with the robustness of these systems, in terms of their ability to handle equipment failures, power loss, or network connectivity issues. It also may be difficult to upgrade or incorporate new technologies once one system is in place.
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Intelligent Aquaculture – World Aquaculture Society